Python Vs Java: Which Programming language to Master In 2023

Python vs Java

Programming is inevitable, and you can not escape learning it whatsoever! But amongst the wide range of programming languages, which one to pick? Python vs Java?

If you wish to create widespread social media icons like Instagram or Facebook, or if you want to build a vivacious app like Spotify, Python is the programming language that will top your chart! Not any less popular is the Java language that would help you create versatile apps like Wikipedia, Eclipse collections, or the NASA WorldWind!

No one can say, for sure, whether Python tops the programming language for 2022 or Java. But both have their standout worlds that often make clashes!

An Introduction


Python is the most beginner-friendly language. It is a straightforward language with a simple syntax. To be precise, Python is an interpreted, object-oriented, high-level, general-purpose programming language with dynamic semantics. 

If we start digging into the history:

The implementation of Python started in December 1989 by Guido Van Rossum at CWI in the Netherlands. In February 1991, he published the code to alt.sources. In 1994, Python 1.0 was released with new features like lambda, map, filter, and reduce. 

We see Python implementations in Robotics, web scraping, scripting, artificial intelligence, data analysis, machine learning, face detection, colour detection, 3D CAD applications, and applications for Images. 

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On the other hand, Java is a high-level, class-based, object-oriented programming language that is secure and supports portability features. 

James Gosling at Sun Microsystems introduced Java in May 1995. It was a core component of Sun Microsystems’ Java platform at the time of release. 

Java is a popular programming language used to develop mobile apps, web apps, desktop apps, games & game consoles, and construct applications in laptops, data centres, scientific supercomputers, cell phones, and many more. 

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Let’s find out which one would suit your purpose of work.

Python vs Java

Ease of Learning: 

When the comparison between Python and Java begins, the first thing that you must check out is the ease of learning!

Python tops Java on this one. Python is the best choice for novices or someone just starting with programming. Learning a new language is difficult, but because Python uses English syntax and is simple to read, it is easier for beginners to learn Python and put it to use in the real world. Being an interpreted programming language, Python is a beginner-friendly programming language. Moreover, Python executes code in a linear fashion, permitting you to see it quickly and make changes as needed, dismissing the need to compile.

This widely used coding language sees over 12 million active users. And perhaps 3-4 million more developers than any other developers worldwide. It is because Java feasibly helps in developing and deploying exciting applications and services. If you have years of programming experience, then Java might be your cup of tea. So, despite the extensive, well-backed community support, Java is tailored for advanced users.

Performance: Python vs Java

When it comes to speed and efficiency, the scene is reversed.

If you have years of programming experience, then Java might be your cup of tea. So, despite the extensive, well-backed community support, Java is tailored for advanced users. Being a compiled language, Java is faster and more efficient than Python. Java’s efficiency comes from its Just-In-Time (JIT) compiler and concurrency support.

While Java programs are compiled directly, Python is interpreted, which slows down Python programs during runtime.

Fixing bugs in Python vs Java:

Java is considerably more secure when compared to Python. I’ll tell you how.

In Python, if the programmer introduces any bugs, then until the line of code is triggered, the bugs won’t come into the picture. It can risk operational breakdowns and extend turnaround time.

On the other hand, in Java, object mutations are impossible. It leads to secure software development.


According to LinkedIn job postings, and statistics as per & Stack Overflow survey, Python overpowers Java and is one of the most popularly used programming languages after JavaScript. 

4 out of 5 programmers also state that they use Python programming in their projects. 

That leaves Java, not any back, as almost 12 million active users stick to Java, may whatever come. 

Java vs Python: Popularity


Well, comparing Python vs Java on the basis of Applicability is tricky. Why?

Python sees widespread use in multivarious fields namely Data Science, Web Development, Game Development, Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, etc. It’s more like you name it and you find Python there.

Nevertheless, Java is right next to Python in all the abovementioned domains of expertise.  In fact, when you look for any Full Stack Development Course with Placement or dig deep into any android games that you likely play, say Minecraft, RuneScape, Project Zomboid, FIFA 11, Simcity, or Spiral Knights (rather many more to this list); they most often are written in Java or have Java as a foundation element. That is to say, whether it is Web ApplicationsArtificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Big Data or Cloud, you can trace lump some amount of stuff coded in Java. Even NASA uses Java for several intriguing applications.

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So, both Python and Java stand tall as great resources for development. Now, it’s your call, which one do you wish to pick?

Python vs Java? Which Programming Language to Pick in 2022?

Python is the easiest to learn programming language whereas Java is the most stable and secure one. We have analyzed the pros and cons of both Python and Java. Then, which one are you choosing in 2022? Write to us in the comment section below.

Well, we have a Python Course with IIT Certification for Python. Check HERE. And also an Advanced Java Programming Course. Check HERE!

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A traveler, and explorer, Archana is an active writer at GUVI. You can usually find her with a book/kindle binge-reading (with an affinity to the mystery/humor).

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