Post thumbnail
MACHINE LEARNING

Machine Learning Syllabus 2024: The Complete Roadmap with multiple resources

We’re living in the age of AI. For the last few months, you must have seen the buzzword “Artificial Intelligence” dominating all tech talks and podcasts. Most of the tech firms currently are talking less about recession and more about artificial intelligence. Well, everyone believes that Machine Learning coupled with a few other technologies has the power to transform the world, for better or worse.

We often come across various questions on our social media and GUVI forum, boiled down to – how to start with AI or Machine Learning. After thoughtful research and great consideration, we have created this article with multiple resources to help you out with Machine Learning Syllabus.

If you’re eager to dive into this exciting and rapidly evolving field but find the multitude of options overwhelming, fret not! In this blog, we’re going to map out a clear and friendly roadmap that will help you navigate your way through the intricate landscape of machine learning.

Table of contents


  1. Machine Learning in 2024 - Today's Evolving Landscape
    • A Glimpse into the Future
  2. Machine Learning Syllabus: The Roadmap from road to riches.
    • Section 1: Building a Strong Foundation
    • Section 2: Supervised Learning - Guided Predictions
    • Section 2: Unsupervised Learning - Extracting Hidden Patterns
    • Section 3: Reinforcement Learning - Learning from Experience
    • Section 4: Deep Learning - Unveiling Complex Patterns
    • Section 5: Neural Networks - Building Blocks of Deep Learning
  3. How to Navigate the Path?
    • Miscellaneous
  4. In Closing
    • FAQs
    • What is machine learning, and why is it important?
    • Do I need a strong math background to start with machine learning?
    • What's the difference between supervised and unsupervised learning?
    • Can I start applying machine learning after learning the basics?
    • What's the future of machine learning?

Machine Learning in 2024 – Today’s Evolving Landscape

Machine learning has rapidly transformed industries and our daily lives, seamlessly integrating AI. Advanced models like GANs and Transformers have emerged, while healthcare, autonomous systems, and quantum machine learning have made significant strides.

Ethics, fairness, and interdisciplinary collaborations are at the forefront, alongside advancements in edge computing and continual learning. As we delve into foundational concepts, remember, that you’re building upon an ever-evolving landscape shaping the future of machine learning.

Make sure you understand machine learning fundamentals like Python, SQL, deep learning, data cleaning, and cloud services before we explore them in the next section. You should consider joining GUVI’s Machine Learning Career Program, which covers tools like PySpark API, Natural Language Processing, and many more and helps you get hands-on experience by building real-time projects.

A Glimpse into the Future

Machine learning’s integration into 2024 is undeniable. AI has become ubiquitous, powering personalized experiences and complex decision-making. The healthcare sector benefits from early disease detection, while self-driving cars and drones navigate autonomously. Ethical concerns, quantum possibilities, and the synergy of machine learning with other fields are shaping the field’s direction. Edge computing, continual learning, and environmental considerations contribute to this dynamic landscape.

Machine Learning Syllabus: The Roadmap from road to riches.

Now let’s create a divisive roadmap to master Machine Learning

Section 1: Building a Strong Foundation

Before you start constructing intricate models, it’s essential to lay down a solid foundation. This foundation comprises three core skills that are the roots of data science:

  1. “Pure” Math: Calculus, Linear Algebra
  2. Statistics: The Applied Math
  3. Programming: Python/R, Your Coding Toolkit

Calculus and Linear Algebra

These aren’t just intimidating terms, but rather the building blocks of machine learning. Imagine these as the canvas upon which your machine-learning masterpiece will be painted. Linear algebra helps you understand the fundamental concepts behind algorithms, such as vectors, matrices, and eigenvector decomposition. Calculus, on the other hand, equips you with the tools to optimize these algorithms through derivatives and gradient descent.

RESOURCES:

Deep Learning Book, Chapter 2: Linear Algebra. A quick review of the linear algebra concepts relevant to machine learning.

A First Course in Linear Model Theory by Nalini Ravishanker and Dipak Dey. Textbook introducing linear algebra in a statistical context.

Statistics

Think of this as the lens through which you’ll view and interpret your data. It’s the art of extracting meaningful insights from a sea of numbers. While it’s a branch of math, it’s more focused on practical application. You’ll learn about measures like mean, median, and standard deviation, which will help you make sense of your data.

RESOURCES:

MIT 18.05, Introduction to Probability and Statistics, taught by Jeremy Orloff and Jonathan Bloom. Provides intuition for probabilistic reasoning & statistical inference, which is invaluable for understanding how machines think, plan, and make decisions.

All of Statistics: A Concise Course in Statistical Inference, by Larry Wasserman. Introductory text on statistics.

Programming

machine-learning-syllabus

Just like an artist needs brushes and paints, a machine-learning enthusiast needs programming skills. Python is our recommended language due to its versatility and vast array of machine-learning libraries. By grasping the basics of programming, you’re better equipped to gather, clean, and manipulate data to feed into your algorithms.

RESOURCES:

Syntax and basic concepts: Google’s Python Class, GUVI IIT-M Python Certification, Learn Python the Hard Way.

Practice: Coderbyte, Codewars, HackerRank. Codekata

MDN

Section 2: Supervised Learning – Guided Predictions

Supervised learning is like having a wise mentor by your side. This technique involves training your model on labelled data, where the algorithm learns from the input-output pairs. Here’s how to get started:

Introduction to Supervised Learning: Understand the basics of supervised learning, where data is labelled with correct outcomes.

Regression vs. Classification: Dive into the difference between regression (predicting a continuous value) and classification (categorizing into classes) tasks.

Linear Regression: Learn the cornerstone of predictive modelling. Discover how to fit a line to your data and predict future values.

Logistic Regression: Explore the world of classification with logistic regression, a technique used to predict the probability of an event occurring.

RESOURCES:

An Introduction to Statistical Learning by Gareth James et al. Excellent reference for essential machine learning concepts, available free online.

Read this blog to know about top books on Machine Learning

Section 2: Unsupervised Learning – Extracting Hidden Patterns

Unsupervised learning is like being an explorer in uncharted territory. You’re given data without labels and you uncover hidden structures. Here’s your compass:

Clustering: Uncover hidden groups within data using clustering algorithms like K-Means and Hierarchical Clustering.

Dimensionality Reduction: Master techniques like Principal Component Analysis (PCA) to simplify complex data while retaining essential information.

Anomaly Detection: Become a data detective by identifying outliers and anomalies that might hold valuable insights.

Read this blog for a detailed comparison between Supervised and Unsupervised Learning

Section 3: Reinforcement Learning – Learning from Experience

Reinforcement learning is akin to training a pet. You provide rewards for correct actions, guiding the model to make better decisions over time:

Introduction to Reinforcement Learning: Grasp the fundamental concepts of agents, environments, actions, and rewards.

Markov Decision Processes: Dive into the mathematical framework that underpins reinforcement learning.

Q-Learning: Unveil the magic of Q-learning, a model-free algorithm that guides agents to optimal decisions through exploration and exploitation.

RESOURCES:

Richard Sutton’s book, Reinforcement Learning: An Introduction.

Section 4: Deep Learning – Unveiling Complex Patterns

Deep learning is the Picasso of machine learning. It involves neural networks with multiple hidden layers, capable of capturing intricate patterns. Here’s your palette:

Introduction to Deep Learning: Embrace the neural network revolution and comprehend how it differs from traditional machine learning.

Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs): Discover the architecture of ANNs, their layers, nodes, and activation functions.

Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs): Dive into CNNs, tailored for image processing and capable of recognizing patterns in visual data.

Recurrent Neural Networks (RNNs): Unearth RNNs, designed to handle sequential data, making them ideal for tasks like text generation and speech recognition.

Section 5: Neural Networks – Building Blocks of Deep Learning

Think of neural networks as the LEGO bricks of deep learning. They form the core of various models and algorithms:

Perceptrons: Meet the basic building block of a neural network – the perceptron. Understand its role in information processing.

Activation Functions: Delve into activation functions like sigmoid, ReLU, and tanh, which introduce non-linearity and complexity to neural networks.

Backpropagation: Uncover the magic behind learning in neural networks. Learn how backpropagation fine-tunes model weights for optimal performance.

RESOURCES:

Course: GUVI’s Deep Learning with PyTorch.

Deep Learning Book, a.k.a. the Bible of Deep Learning, authored by Ian Goodfellow, Yoshua Bengio, and Aaron Courville.

Neural Networks and Deep Learning, a clear and accessible online deep learning text by Michael Nielsen. Ends with commentary on reaching human-level intelligence.

Deep Learning Papers Reading Roadmap, a compilation of key papers organized by chronology and research area.

Fast.ai, a fun and hands-on project-based course. Projects include classifying images of dogs vs. cats and generating Nietzschean writing.

How to Navigate the Path?

Now that you have your foundation in place, let’s delve into the roadmap of your machine-learning journey:

Learning Linear Algebra: Start with MIT’s open course on Linear Algebra. Focus on vectors, matrix operations, determinants, and Eigenvector decomposition. Concepts like Euclidean distances are your allies in the realm of machine learning.

Mastering Calculus: Delve into Single and Multivariable Calculus. Gain a solid understanding of derivatives, a crucial concept for optimization techniques like Gradient Descent.

Programming Proficiency: Familiarize yourself with Python. Begin with basic tutorials and gradually work your way up to libraries like Matplotlib and Seaborn for data visualization.

Algorithm Exploration: Start exploring machine learning algorithms. Begin with supervised and unsupervised learning. Learn about TensorFlow, neural networks, and deep learning. Make friends with terms like decision boundaries and feature spaces.

Algorithm Tuning: Here’s where your math background comes to the rescue. Fine-tune your algorithms by adjusting parameters like learning rates. Cross-validation methods will help you avoid overfitting or underfitting.

Project Dive: Jump into projects! Start small and build your way up. Predict the success of movies, forecast sports all-stars – the sky’s the limit. This is where you’ll learn by doing, failing, and iterating.

Miscellaneous

As you embark on your machine-learning journey, here are a few resources and tips to keep you on track:

“Data Science from Scratch” by Joel Grus: This book provides a comprehensive introduction to algorithms and coding in Python. It’s a great next step after building your math foundation.

Kaggle Tutorials: Kaggle offers excellent tutorials, including the Titanic dataset project. These hands-on exercises will help you apply what you’ve learned in a real-world context.

Persistence Pays Off: Don’t fear failure. Machine learning is as much about experimentation and trial and error as it is about success. Embrace the challenges and use them as stepping stones to progress.

Kickstart your Machine Learning journey by enrolling in GUVI’s Machine Learning Career Program where you will master technologies like matplotlib, pandas, SQL, NLP, and deep learning,  and build interesting real-life machine learning projects.

In Closing

Congratulations! You’ve now embarked on an exhilarating journey through the diverse landscapes of machine learning. From supervised and unsupervised learning to the intricacies of deep learning and neural networks, you’re equipped with the tools to navigate this exciting realm. Remember, each concept holds its unique allure, and as you delve deeper, you’ll uncover endless possibilities for solving complex problems and unlocking the potential of data. So, continue your exploration, experiment fearlessly, and let your curiosity guide you to new horizons in the captivating world of machine learning.

FAQs

What is machine learning, and why is it important?

Machine learning is a subset of artificial intelligence (AI) that empowers computers to learn from data and improve their performance over time. It’s essential as it enables us to make predictions, and decisions, and automate tasks that would be otherwise impractical or time-consuming.

Do I need a strong math background to start with machine learning?

While a solid math foundation helps, it’s not a prerequisite. Basic understanding of linear algebra and calculus will suffice initially. As you progress, you can delve deeper into mathematical concepts.

What’s the difference between supervised and unsupervised learning?

Supervised learning involves labelled data, where the algorithm learns from input-output pairs. Unsupervised learning deals with unlabeled data, aiming to uncover hidden patterns and structures.

Can I start applying machine learning after learning the basics?

Yes, indeed! Begin with simple projects, like predicting movie success based on data or classifying text. As you refine your skills, tackle more complex challenges.

MDN

What’s the future of machine learning?

The future holds exciting prospects, including more advanced models, increased focus on ethics and sustainability, and integration with quantum computing for even greater computational power.

Career transition

Did you enjoy this article?

Schedule 1:1 free counselling

Similar Articles

Loading...
Share logo Whatsapp logo X logo LinkedIn logo Facebook logo Copy link
Free Webinar
Free Webinar Icon
Free Webinar
Get the latest notifications! 🔔
close
Table of contents Table of contents
Table of contents Articles
Close button

  1. Machine Learning in 2024 - Today's Evolving Landscape
    • A Glimpse into the Future
  2. Machine Learning Syllabus: The Roadmap from road to riches.
    • Section 1: Building a Strong Foundation
    • Section 2: Supervised Learning - Guided Predictions
    • Section 2: Unsupervised Learning - Extracting Hidden Patterns
    • Section 3: Reinforcement Learning - Learning from Experience
    • Section 4: Deep Learning - Unveiling Complex Patterns
    • Section 5: Neural Networks - Building Blocks of Deep Learning
  3. How to Navigate the Path?
    • Miscellaneous
  4. In Closing
    • FAQs
    • What is machine learning, and why is it important?
    • Do I need a strong math background to start with machine learning?
    • What's the difference between supervised and unsupervised learning?
    • Can I start applying machine learning after learning the basics?
    • What's the future of machine learning?