Ethical Hackers hold an evergreen demand in the modern world just as doctors do. With an increasing severity and surge in the cost of handling cyber attacks, worldwide ethical hackers are required 24/7 regardless of the economy. According to a report by CSO Online, the unemployment rate for cyber security professionals(including Ethical Hackers) is at 0%. This means, that acquiring the white hat hacking skills will definitely land you a job offer. Before we get to know How to become an ethical Hacker & What the essential requirements for learning ethical hacking are, let’s understand the answer to the question – What is Ethical Hacking?
Ethical Hacking involves an authorized attempt to gain unauthorized access to a computer system, application, or data. The duplication of the strategies & actions of malicious attackers is some of the main tasks in an ethical hack. And, that’s basically the job of an Ethical Hacker. Still confused? Let’s get it clear by knowing it.
Who is an Ethical Hacker?
An Ethical Hacker a.k.a Whitehat Hacker is a professional who tests an organization’s IT security with the help of penetration testing techniques. With this, the vulnerabilities towards a cyber threat/attack are identified. Further, the cybersecurity/IT security team tries to resolve, & strengthen the security. This helps to eliminate or minimize the risk factors. Now, let’s see what it takes to become an ethical hacker.
Educational Qualification to Become an Ethical Hacker
Similar to our nation with diverse cultures, Ethical Hacking has professionals with diverse educational backgrounds. There are no standard education criteria. But, a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in computer science, information security, or even mathematics will make it easy for you to accelerate in the ethical hacking domain. Also, most of the companies put out their own set of educational requirements for recruiting a professional whitehat hacker.
Since Ethical Hacking is not about cracking our friend’s Facebook password or stealing someone’s personal data, It requires relevant industry-level skills to reach the top of the career ladder. Check the below-enumerated skills to become an ethical hacker.
Top 6 Skill Requirements to Become an Ethical Hacker
1. Penetration testing Skills
A penetration test is commonly known as a ‘Pen Test’. These pen tests are the authorized simulated attacks performed on a computer system to evaluate its security. Meaning that – Pen tests help to mitigate the defects in a system before any actual attack occurs. So basically, ethical hackers do pen tests to perform vulnerability checks in a system. And, there are five stages in penetration testing: reconnaissance, scanning, vulnerability assessment, exploitation, and reporting. An ethical hacker is required to be a penetration tester with hands-on proficiency in various tools like Metasploit, Nmap, Wireshark, Hashcat, etc.
2. Computer Networking Skills
The interconnection of multiple computer systems is known to be a computer network. These systems are hosts that are connected using multiple paths to send & receive any data or multimedia. Some core conceptual knowledge & skills like Supernetting, Subnetting, & more others will provide ethical hackers identify the potential security threats in interconnected systems.
3. Programming Skills
4. Database management systems (DBMS) Skills
It is quite essential for an ethical hacker to know how to fix the vulnerabilities & security threats of various databases such as SQL, MySQL, or Oracle. To create a safe & protected environment for the organizations’ data, relevant DBMS skills are necessary to perform operations on a database like CRUD(creating, reading, updating, and deleting) operations.
5. Linux Skills
Wondering why Linux? It’s because most hacking tools are built for Linux. Would you believe this fact? More than 90% of hacking tools available are written for Linux. Again, why Linux is chosen? Simple! The legendary Linux allows us to program certain aspects of the OS in a quick & easy fashion by using scripting languages such as BASH or Python. So, Ethical Hackers should brush up on their Linux skills for a smooth working journey.
It is indeed the responsibility of an ethical hacker to assure that the communication between teams of an organization doesn’t leak. This is possible with cryptography, where an ethical hacker converts a normal text/message(plain text) into a non-readable form(encrypted text) known as ciphertext. All this is done to make the message incomprehensible to black hackers during the transmission of the message. Bless the Ethical Hackers working for WhatsApp! Without them & their end-to-end encryption feature, WhatsApp might get vulnerable to attacks from black hackers.
Alright, These are the top 6 skills that’d shape you up into an Ethical Hacking Professional. Are you looking for more help to upskill yourself? It’s right here! Become an Ethical Hacker by Signing up for ZEN-Class Career Program in CyberSecurity & Ethical Hacking with Guaranteed Job Placement Support. For more queries & doubts, feel free to drop a message in our comment box.